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How to Install Laminate Flooring

November 27, 2009 at 1:47 pm | Category: Remodeling Contractor

A well-installed laminate floor can make a huge difference in your home. With just a few basic tools and a free weekend, you could be walking on a brand new floor.
Tools and Materials

• Pry bar
• Utility knife
• Tape rule
• Circular saw or handsaw
• Sawhorses, one pair
• Clamps
• Hammer
• Jamb saw
• Nail set
• Laminate flooring (glueless installation)
• Underlayment (one roll covers approximately 100 square feet)
• Installation kit
• Finishing nails
1. Acclimate the flooring. Flooring should sit in the room for at least 48 hours before installation, giving it time to expand or contract in relation to the room’s temperature and humidity. This prevents buckling and other problems after installation.
2. Remove existing baseboard molding. Use the pry bar to remove baseboard from the wall and set the pieces aside for reinstallation. Floating laminate planks (the kind used in this project) should be installed over a hard, smooth surface, such as vinyl. If your existing flooring is damaged, remove it to reveal the subfloor.
3. Install the underlayment. Clear the floor of staples, nails, and other debris. Roll out the underlayment. Do not overlap adjoining strips. Use the utility knife to cut pieces as needed. The foam underlayment deadens sound and helps the floor feel more resilient.
4. Plan the layout. To decide which direction to lay the planks, consider which wall is the longest and straightest. Avoid a narrow strip against the focal-point wall. Planks in the last row installed should be at least 2 inches wide. Figure on a one-quarter-inch gap at each wall.
Note: If the last row will be less than 2 inches wide, add that width to the width of a full plank and divide by 2. Cut planks in the first and last rows to this width.
5. Cut the first row. Depending on your layout, you may need to rip, or cut, the first row of planks lengthwise. If using a power saw, cut with the finished side down; if using a handsaw, cut with the finished side up. Use clamps to steady the planks as you cut them.
6. Leave an expansion gap. Wedge the spacer chips that come with your installation kit between the wall and the planks to leave an expansion gap of one-quarter inch.
7. Install the first row. Lay the planks with the tongue side facing the wall (some manufacturers recommend you cut off the tongue edge of planks that face walls). Connect one plank to another by connecting the tongues and grooves. You may be able to snugly connect the planks by hand, or you may need to use a pull bar from the installation kit and a hammer to pull them together or a tapping block to tap the joints together. Cut the last plank in the row to length (save the scrap if it’s at least 12 inches long).
8. Install additional rows. As you snap on new rows, stagger the seams at least 12 inches in adjoining rows. You often can start a new row with the scrap from the plank you cut to end the previous row.
9. Install the last row. You’ll need to slide the planks into position at an angle, and then gently pry them into place with the pry bar. Be sure you leave a one-quarter-inch expansion gap between the last row and the wall.
10. Cut around door casings. Don’t try to cut planks to fit around the casings. Instead, use the jamb saw to cut the door casing about one-sixteenth of an inch above the height of the flooring, giving the plank room to slide under the casing. Rest a piece of flooring with underlayment on the floor and against the casing. Rest the jamb saw on top and cut the casing to the desired height
11. Reinstall the trim. After the planks are in place, reinstall the baseboard molding using the hammer and finishing nails. Then install shoe molding over the expansion joints and use transition strips to connect laminate to adjoining surfaces, such as tile or carpet. Do not nail through the floor, just through the trim and wall

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